PENGARUH PENYULUHAN TABLET FE DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN LEAFLET TERHADAP PENGETAHUAN REMAJA PUTRI DI SMP N 20 KOTA JAMBI TAHUN 2017

  • Tia Maryati Poltekkes Kemenkes Jambi
  • Sri Yun Utama Poltekkes Kemenkes Jambi
  • Diniyati Diniyati Poltekkes Kemenkes Jambi
Keywords: Counseling, knowledge, and youth

Abstract

Abstrak

Latar Belakang: Angka kejadian di Indonesia sebesar 26,2% yang terdiri dari 50,9% laki-laki dan 49,1% perempuan
(Kemenkes RI, 2013). Menurut Riskesdas tahun 2013, prevalensi anemia di Indonesia yaitu 21,7% dengan penderita
anemia berumur 5-15 tahun sebesar 26,4% dan 18,4% penderita anemia berumur 15-24 tahun. Data Survei Kesehatan
Rumah Tangga (SKRT) tahun 2012 menyatakan bahwa prevalensi anemia pada balita sebesar 40,5%, ibu hamil sebesar
50,5%, ibu nifas sebesar 45,1%, remaja putri usia 10-18 tahun sebesar 57,1% dan usia 19-45 tahun sebesar 39,5%. Wanita
mempunyai risiko terkena anemia paling tinggi terutama pada remaja putri (Kemenkes RI, 2013).
Metode: Desain pre eksperimental dengan rancangan One Group Pretest Posttest bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh
penyuluhan tablet Fe dengan menggunakan leaflet terhadap pengetahuan remaja putri di SMP N 2A Kota Jambi tahun2017.
Populasi yang diambil siswi kelas VIII dan IX SMP N 20 Kota Jambi sebanyak149 siswi. Pengambilan sampel dalam
penelitian ini adalah total sampling. Penelitian dilaksanakan dari bulan Februari s.d. Agustus tahun 2017. Data diperoleh
dari pengisian kuesioner. Penelitian ini menggunakan analisis univariat dan bivariat. Uji statistik yangdigunakan adalah
uji T berpasangan (t-poired test) dengan menggunakan derajat kepercayaan 95%
Hasil: Responden yang mempunyai pengetahuan yang kurang baik tentang tablet Fe sebelum dilakukan penyuluhan
sebanyak 146 responden (97,9%) dan sebagian kecil mempunyai pengetahuan baik tentang tablet Fe sebanyak 3 responden
(2,1%). Sedangkan pada saat post test responden mempunyai pengetahuan baik tentang tablet Fe sesudah dilakukan
penyuluhan sebanyak 147 responden (98,7%) dan sebagit kecil remaja putri mempunyai pengetahuan kurang baik sebanyak
2 responden (1,3%). Hasil analisa data didapatkan ada pengaruh yang bermakna antara pengetahuan pre test dengan
pengetahuan past test (p value =0,000).
Kesimpulan: Ditemukan pengaruh signifikan penyuluhan pemberian tablet Fe menggunakan leaflet pada remaja putri di
SMP N 2A Kota Jambi tahun 2017. Diharapkan penelitian ini dapat dijadikan bahan masukan dan tambahaninformasi
dalam mengupayakan peningkatan pengetahuan remaja tentang kesehatan, khususnya pengetahuan tentang tablet Fe.

Abstrack

Background: The incidence rate in Indonesia is 26,2% which consists of 50.9% men and 49.1% women (Ministry of Health
RI, 2013). According to Riskesdas in 2013, the prevalence of anemia in Indonesia was 21.7% with anemia sufferers aged
5-15 years at 26.4% and 18.4% of anemia sufferers aged 15-24 years. Data from the Household Health Survey (SKRT) in
2012 stated that anemia prevalence in infants was 40.5%, pregnant women were 50.5%, postpartum mothers were 45.1%,
girls aged 10-18 years were 57.1% and aged 19-45 years were 39.5 %. Women have the highest risk of anemia, especially
in young women (Ministry of Health RI, 2013).
Methods: This pre-experimental study with Pretest-Post test One Group design aims to determine the effect of Fe tablet
counseling by using leaflets on teenage knowledge in junior high school 2A Jambi City in 2017. The population taken by
students of class VIII and IX of SMP N 20 in Jambi City was 149 students. Sampling in this study is total sampling. Research
carried out from February August 2017. Data obtained from filling out the questionnaire. This study uses univariate and
bivariate analysis. The statistical test used is paired T test (t-poired test) using 95% confidence level so that if the value of
p <0,05 means statistically significant (significant) and if the p value> 0.05 means that it is not statistically significant.
Results: The results showed that respondents who had poor knowledge about Fe tablets before counseling were 146
respondents (97.9%) and a small percentage had good knowledge about Fe tablets as many as 3 respondents (2.1%).
Whereas the post test showed that respondents with good knowledge about Fe tablets after counseling as many as 147
respondents (98.7%) and a small percentage of young women had less knowledge as much as 2 respondents (1.3%). The
results of data analysis showed that there was a significant effect between pre-test knowledge and post test knowledge (p
value = 0,000).
Conclusion: Significant effect of the Fe tablet counseling by using leaflets on teenage of SMP N 20 in Jambi City were
found. It is hoped that this research can be used as input and additional information in seeking to increase adolescent
knowledge about health, especially knowledge about Fe tablets.

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JBKM.2.1.MEI.2018.44-50
Published
2018-05-30