PERBEDAAN RISIKO TERJADINYA KARIES BARU PADA MURID KELAS VI SDN 149/IV KELURAHAN RAWASARI DAN SDN 150/IV KELURAHAN BELIUNG WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS RAWASARI KOTA JAMBI

  • Sukarsih Sukarsih Poltekkes Kemenkes Jambi
  • Pahrur Razi Poltekkes Kemenkes Jambi
Keywords: Caries risk

Abstract

Background: Caries is a toothache tissue disease, ie enamel, dentine and cementum, caused by the activity of a
microorganism of a carbohydrate that can be dispersed. The purpose of this study to know the risk of new caries in primary
school children in the city of Jambi. The benefits of this study are expected to perform dental and oral disease prevention
programs.
Methods: The study was an analytical survey with cross sectional design. The population is the grade 6 students SDN 149
/ IV Rawasari Urban Village and SDN 150 / IV Urban Village Buyung District working area Rawasari District New Town
Jambi in 2017 as many as 32 people. Sampling method purposive sampling. Instrument research dental examination sheet
and cariogram format. Methods of data collection obtained from dental examinations and cariogram format results to
determine the picture and differences in the risk of new caries.
Results:The results of the study found the caries risk in SDN 149 / IV Rawasari and SDN 150 / IV Kelurahan Beliung, the
highest caries experience was worse than normal at 59.4% and normal for the group at the same age of 34.4%, influenced
most is healthy 65,6% and 87,5%, highest frequency of eating is maximum 3 times a day (incl. snacks delivered by big
meal) equal to 84,4% and maximum 5 times daily equal to 59,4%, highest score of bad plaque 65,6% and 68,8%, the
highest flour program is 96.9% and 100% fluoride toothpaste, the highest salivary secretion is normal 84.4% and 90.6%,
through Independent T-test and cariogram program. The result of independent t-test showed no difference of risk of new
caries with t value (0,386) <value t table (1,999) and P value (0,701)> 0,05 with risk of new caries incidence reversed with
new caries avoidance opportunity ie 41.03% medium category and 39.69% high category.
Conclusion: No signoficant dfference of new caries risk were found primary school children in the city of Jambi. It is
recommended that local health centers can improve promotive and preventive programs in primary school age children.

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JBKM.2.1.MEI.2018.51-56
Published
2018-05-30